This module is always available. It provides access to the
mathematical functions defined by the C standard.

These functions cannot be used with complex numbers; use the functions
of the same name from the cmath module if you require
support for complex numbers. The distinction between functions which
support complex numbers and those which don't is made since most users
do not want to learn quite as much mathematics as required to
understand complex numbers. Receiving an exception instead of a
complex result allows earlier detection of the unexpected complex
number used as a parameter, so that the programmer can determine how
and why it was generated in the first place.

Return the mantissa and exponent of x as the pair
(m, e). m is a float and e is an
integer such that x == m * 2**e.
If x is zero, returns (0.0, 0), otherwise
0.5 <= abs(m) < 1.

Note that frexp() and modf() have a different
call/return pattern than their C equivalents: they take a single
argument and return a pair of values, rather than returning their
second return value through an `output parameter' (there is no such
thing in Python).

The module also defines two mathematical constants: